According to a report released this year, around three-quarters of illegal immigrants’ children were born in the United States of America and are citizens. These children account to 4 million in number and questions arise regarding enforcement and public services for illegal immigrant families because of the mix of illegal and legal residents in the same families. The report states that the undocumented immigrants live in neighbourhoods and they have kids studying in the kindergartens and in high schools. (Partisan report indicates that such children make up 6.8% of children enrolled in kindergarten through 12th grade). This not only complicates the matter from a political and emotional angle for enforcing policies on them but also makes it tougher once kids are involved. However, few people feel that the presence of a U.S.-born child in the illegal immigrants’ family should not be taken as an excuse not to enforce the law, though there should be room for making exceptions.
According to the non-partisan research center’s analysis of 2008 Census data, nearly one-third of the roughly 12 million illegal immigrants in the USA are women, and most illegal immigrants are married or living with someone. This report states that 73% of the children out of 5.5 million illegal immigrants’ children were born in America.
However, the number of immigrants coming to the USA illegally since 2007 seems to have plummeted which indicates the first significant decline in two decades (Pew Hispanic Center Report). It is revealed that the total number of illegal immigrants in the US is down from a peak of 12 million in 2007 to 11.1 million in 2009.
The report says that the annual inflow of about 300,000 illegal immigrants from 2007 to 2009 was almost two-thirds smaller than it had been from 2000 to 2005, during which the average figure was 850,000 a year.
The report concludes that these are very sizable drops particularly over the last 4 years and the numbers have been going down steadily due to the recession and housing collapse which in turn had reduced job opportunities in America during that period. Homeland Security Office of Immigration Statistics confirms these findings and quotes that the recession could have had an impact on the drop of almost a million in US Immigration between the period 2008 and 2009.
Moreover, the drop in illegal immigrants is most dramatic along the Southeast coast and the Mountain West especially in Florida, Nevada and Virginia. The total figures have also changed in Arizona, Utah and Colorado. Arizona anyhow has been at the centre of a controversial crackdown on illegal immigration that is now stalled in court.