When a debilitating illness or physical disability almost cripples a person, the help of a caregiver is required to ease living. Trained caregivers ensure that the persons under their care are able to live their lives to the full.
Domiciliary care, commonly known as home care, is a form of health care support provided in the home of the patient or in a home-like environment by professional caregivers. The components of home care program vary according to the physical and health condition of the patient. While most people need help with routine tasks and medication, others may need rehabilitation assistance and even hospice care.
Who needs domiciliary care?
Any adult above the age of 18 who need assistance in daily activities owing to illness or physical disability is eligible for domiciliary care. Most domiciliary care residents are older adults who owing to age-related physical condition cannot live independently. Physically disabled and mentally retarded individuals are popular candidates for home care. As people seeking home care have low income, their domiciliary care is funded by the state. However, several affluent elderly people opt for self-funded domiciliary care. In case of state funded domiciliary care, the local health authorities determine the type of home care needed by the person seeking home care.
Benefits of domiciliary care
Home caregivers are non-medical professionals who assist the domiciliary care resident with their daily activities such as bathing, laundry, preparing meals and other housekeeping services. They also help the patient to take their medications. Depending upon the type of home care requirement, caregivers trained in specialized jobs are assigned the task of caring for an ill person with specific disability. For instance, homecare providers may specialize in caring for terminally ill patients, people with cognitive impairment such as dementia, Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease, and other health problems that need special non-medical and medical help.
To ensure that the sick person receives best care in a homely environment, home care agencies work in association with nurses, care workers, rehabilitation therapists and other health professionals. Although domiciliary care involves providing personal and medical care in the home of the service user, the caregiver is also required to undertake a number of outdoor activities. These tasks include shopping for the home care resident and escorting the individual to health care facilities and even social events.
Domiciliary care is often a source of joy for the ailing person. It helps to improve the quality of life of the patient.